Rum regions

Sylvia Simm | 12. June 2024

Let us further categorise the diverse spirit rum. Rum is now produced in large parts of the world, but according to most sources, the cradle of rum is on the island of Barbados in the eastern Caribbean.

Inhaltsverzeichnis

Rum from the Caribbean

When you hear Caribbean, you start dreaming... sea, beach and a drink in your hand ... Our range therefore mainly comprises rums from the Caribbean, from the islands of Barbados, Cuba, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic and the French Antilles. We would particularly like to highlight the island of Martinique, which we were the first rum region to visit in spring 2024.

Martinique

The island of Martinique belongs to the Lesser Antilles and is a French overseas department. There are a considerable number of rum distilleries and even more rum brands, as some rum distilleries produce several brands. For historical reasons, almost exclusively Rhum Agricole is produced. Rhum Agricole is made from sugar cane juice and not molasses. Its flavour is floral, fruity and extremely complex, and it bears the prestigious AOC seal of quality.

Special features of rum from Martinique

  • As a French department, Martinique writes rhum with an additional 'H'.
  • Rhum Agricole is produced from fresh sugar cane juice, in contrast to molasses rum, which is obtained from the by-product of sugar production.
  • Production is subject to strict regulations and quality standards. The process involves pressing the sugar cane into juice, fermentation with natural yeasts and distillation in copper stills.
  • The AOC (Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée) seal of quality guarantees that the rhum is produced according to defined standards.

Read here what is behind the AOC seal of quality!

Some history

The cultivation of sugar cane is closely linked to European colonisation. As early as the 17th century, European settlers, particularly the French, began to cultivate sugar cane on the island for the production of sugar. As on other Caribbean islands, the cultivation of sugar cane on Martinique was highly dependent on slave labour. A by-product of sugar production was molasses, which was later used for rum production. Rum was produced from molasses for a long time until sugar beet replaced sugar cane for sugar production due to additional taxes, starting in Europe. Where there is no sugar production, there is no molasses! From then on, a different type of rum was created: rhum agricole. This is made from freshly pressed sugar cane juice.

More recently, in 1996, Martinique rum was awarded AOC certification, which regulates the origin and quality of Martinique rum.

To this day, rum is an important economic factor for the island of Martinique!

Rums in Martinique

The well-known rum brands in Martinique include Clément, Depaz, Dillon, Rhum J.M., Neisson, Saint James and Trois-Rivières. All of them are Rhum Agricole, which is distilled on the basis of sugar cane juice. Many are labelled with the AOC seal.

1731 Fine & Rare Barbados Rum 8 Years
1731 Fine & Rare Barbados Rum 8 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Christmas Edition XO Reserve Rum Spirit /2023
A.H. Riise Christmas Edition XO Reserve Rum Spirit /2023
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Christmas Edition XO Reserve Rum Spirit (B-Ware) /2023
A.H. Riise Christmas Edition XO Reserve Rum Spirit (B-Ware) /2023
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Danish Navy Rum Spirit
A.H. Riise Danish Navy Rum Spirit
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Danish Navy Rum Spirit (B-Ware)
A.H. Riise Danish Navy Rum Spirit (B-Ware)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Black Edition Rum Spirit
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Black Edition Rum Spirit
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Black Edition Rum Spirit (B-Goods)
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Black Edition Rum Spirit (B-Goods)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Very Rare Rum Spirit
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Very Rare Rum Spirit
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Very Rare Rum Spirit (B-Ware)
A.H. Riise Non Plus Ultra Very Rare Rum Spirit (B-Ware)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise X.O. Reserve Superior Cask Rum Spirit
A.H. Riise X.O. Reserve Superior Cask Rum Spirit
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise XO Founders Reserve
A.H. Riise XO Founders Reserve
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Aikan Whisky Intense Rhum Barrels
Aikan Whisky Intense Rhum Barrels
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT

Barbados

The island is considered the cradle of rum and shows its original character! Rum is made from molasses in Barbados. Molasses is a by-product of sugar production. The result is an English-style rum. It has a classic flavour. The first rum distilleries were established in the 17th century when sugar plantation owners began distilling surplus molasses. Mount Gay Distillery is the oldest rum distillery in the world. Rum is often distilled on the island using the pot still or column still method. Used bourbon barrels as well as sherry and port wine barrels are used for barrel ageing. The tropical climate favours barrel maturation.

Cuba

Cuban rum is known worldwide and is an important export alongside Cuban cigars. It is distilled from molasses in the Spanish style. Many Cuban rum distilleries use continuous distillation processes that produce a light and pure rum. The flavour is smooth and mild with a subtle sweetness. This style is typical of Cuban rum and differs from the heavier, flavoured rums produced in other Caribbean countries. There are no privately run distilleries in the socialist country; the companies are owned by the Cuban government. The international distribution of the island's most famous rum, Havana Club, has been handled by Pernod Ricard since 1993.

Jamaica

Rum from Jamaica is characterised by wild fermentation, is spicy and dark, mostly made from molasses and distilled in the English style in pot stills. It is also known for its often high ester content, which gives it a flavour profile of tropical fruits, bananas and spices. It is mainly stored in oak barrels. The oldest distillery is the Appleton Estate in Nassau Valley, founded in 1749. The best-known distillery is the Hampden Estate Distillery. As on all Caribbean islands, rum production is closely linked to sugar production and slavery.

Dominican Republic

Bananas, coffee and cocoa are among the export goods alongside sugar cane, which is grown for rum production. Rum is produced on the island in the Spanish style from molasses. It is mainly distilled in column stills and produces a smooth, sweet rum that is pleasant to drink. The best-known varieties are Brugal and Matusalem. At the Brugal distillery, a woman, Jassil Villanueva, is responsible for the flavour. She bears the title "Maestra Ronera".
Rum from the Dominican Republic is very similar to rum from Cuba. This is mainly due to the fact that the Oliver family left Cuba for the Dominican Republic during the Cuban War of Independence and continued to produce rum there.

Puerto Rico

Bacardi - one of the best-known and largest rum brands in the world - has its origins in Puerto Rico. Rum on Puerto Rico is produced according to US standards, as the island is a territory of the United States. Ron Centenario is also one of the island's best-known rums.

Depaz Rhum XO 8 Years
Depaz Rhum XO 8 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Barceló Imperial 40 Aniversario Rum
Barceló Imperial 40 Aniversario Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Doorly's XO Barbados Rum (B-Goods)
Doorly's XO Barbados Rum (B-Goods)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
The Kraken Unknown Deep #3 Black Spiced Rum Limited Edition
The Kraken Unknown Deep #3 Black Spiced Rum Limited Edition
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Bellamy's Reserve Rum Martinique Pear 4 Years
Bellamy's Reserve Rum Martinique Pear 4 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise Danish Navy Rum Spirit
A.H. Riise Danish Navy Rum Spirit
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Canerock Spiced Rum
Canerock Spiced Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Appleton Estate Signature Rum
Appleton Estate Signature Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Barbancourt Five Star Rhum 8 Years
Barbancourt Five Star Rhum 8 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Pacto Navio Red Wine Cask Finish Rum
Pacto Navio Red Wine Cask Finish Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Bacardí Reserva Ocho Rye Cask Finish 8Y-/2023
Bacardí Reserva Ocho Rye Cask Finish 8Y-/2023
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Plantation Rum Barbados (B-Goods) 5 Years
Plantation Rum Barbados (B-Goods) 5 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT

Rum from Central America

Rum distilleries have also established themselves on the mainland in Central America. Almost all countries between Mexico in North America and Colombia in South America grow sugar cane and are in the rum business. The different styles have picturesque names such as 'Silver', which refers to white rum. For a rum with a light colour, we find designations such as 'Gold' or 'Amber' and the old rums are labelled 'Añejo'. The aromas and flavour profile are rich and complex. A glass of rum is always welcome at celebrations!

Guatemala

As in the Caribbean rum countries, the history of Central and South America goes back to colonial times. It was the Spanish who started rum production in Guatemala. Even after independence in 1821, rum production remained an important industry. Botran and Ron Zacapa are known worldwide. The Ron Zacapa distillery works successfully with the solera process, which utilises a special type of rum storage.

Belize

The small country of Belize, which borders dense jungle to the west and the Caribbean coast to the east, was still a British colony until 1981 - incidentally the only British colony in Central America. The production of rum is a lucrative source of income alongside tourism. Various types of rum from Belize are marketed by Travellers Liquors Limited. The independent rum bottler Mezan also brings rum from the island of Belize to the European market. Copalli Rum is a new type of rum produced sustainably from sugar cane juice.

El Salvador

This small country on the Pacific coast is known for its wonderful beaches and unfortunately also for its crime! The main export is coffee. The Licorera Cihuatán distillery, which has been run by a woman since 2014, produces both white and brown rums. A second rum brand is Ron Maja. This rum can be enjoyed neat or mixed in cocktails. The production of rum offers the country the opportunity to become successful on the world market with another product.

Nicaragua

The tropical location favours both sugar cane cultivation - partly on volcanic soils - and maturation. Rum is produced from molasses. The Flor de Caña from the distillery of the same name has won several awards in recent years. It is also Fair Trade certified for sustainable cultivation methods and fair working conditions. It is the only rum brand in the world that can call itself 'slow aged', as the ageing process in oak barrels is natural and not accelerated. For example, the rum must be stored in certain barrel sizes and no small barrels such as octave or quarter cask may be used, in which the rum matures more quickly.

Costa Rica

The fertile land produces excellent quality sugar cane. The flavours range from sweet to spicy. Emphasis is placed on environmentally friendly production and sustainability. One well-known rum brand is Ron Centenario.

Panama

The base product is molasses and the storage is varied. Ron Abuelo is well-known for rum from Panama.

1731 Fine & Rare Panama Rum (B-Goods) 8 Years
1731 Fine & Rare Panama Rum (B-Goods) 8 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Malteco Reserva Del Fundador Rum 20 Years
Malteco Reserva Del Fundador Rum 20 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Malteco Rum Reserva Rara 25 Years
Malteco Rum Reserva Rara 25 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Mezan Chiriqui Rum
Mezan Chiriqui Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Sol Tarasco Charanda Mexican Ron 8 Years
Sol Tarasco Charanda Mexican Ron 8 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Flor de Caña Centenario Rum with 2 glasses (B-goods) 12 Years
Flor de Caña Centenario Rum with 2 glasses (B-goods) 12 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Ron Maja 12 Years
Ron Maja 12 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Flor de Caña 7 Gran Reserva Rum - 1 litre!
Flor de Caña 7 Gran Reserva Rum - 1 litre!
1/ l · incl.  VAT
Ron Zacapa XO Rum
Ron Zacapa XO Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Malecon Rum Rare Proof 17Y-2002
Malecon Rum Rare Proof 17Y-2002
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Ron Zacapa XO Rum with 2 glasses (B-goods)
Ron Zacapa XO Rum with 2 glasses (B-goods)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Botran Reserva Especial No.15 (B-Goods)
Botran Reserva Especial No.15 (B-Goods)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT

Rum from South America

The climatic conditions for the cultivation of sugar cane were favourable, and so sugar production was followed by rum production. Both are closely linked to colonial history. It was mainly the Spanish and French who conquered South America for themselves, so that rum in the Spanish and French style became established from the 17th century and found its way to Europe. The indigenous peoples had already produced fermented drinks before then, but without distilling them. In South America, rum is mostly produced in barrels, which has complex flavours due to the climatic conditions. Culturally, rum is strongly represented both economically and socially.

Venezuela

Diverse rum comes from a country with a diverse landscape. The climate is ideal for both sugar cane cultivation and maturation. The flavour is spicy and strong. Well-known brands are Botucal, which is also known internationally as Ron Diplomático, and Santa Teresa. Rum from Venezuela has the protected designation of origin DO (Denomination of Origin) and must meet certain legally prescribed quality standards. These include that it must be matured in oak barrels for at least two years. This results in complex rum varieties. International prizes and awards contribute to its reputation on the world market.

Guyana

Among other things, El Dorado Rum is produced here at Demerara Distillers Limited on the only wooden still still still in operation. This wooden distillation plant works in a similar way to a column still. El Dorado has already won numerous international awards and thus contributes to the fame of rum from Guyana. After British colonists conquered the country, rum is still produced in the English style today. The name Demerara Rum comes from the Demerara River in Guyana, where both sugar cane plantations and distilleries are located. Demerara sugar, on the other hand, takes its name from the then Dutch colony of Demerara in South America.

Peru

Rum is produced from molasses and sugar cane juice. It is worth mentioning that some of the rum is deliberately stored at higher altitudes, which results in significantly slower maturation. Peru still has potential to establish itself on the rum market. One of the well-known brands is Ron Millonario.

Ecuador

The labels of Ecuadorian rums depict mountains such as Cimborazo, Pichinacha and the Cotopaxi volcano. The volcanic soils and the special climate in the Andes are what make rum from this region so special. Ron San Miguel is well known in this country.

Colombia

The rum is made from both molasses and sugar cane juice. The flavour ranges from light to strong. The Dictador is known from the Destileria Colombiana, which sells rum, Dictador Ortodoxy gin, cigars and coffee.

Millonario Kuytchi Rum Spirit
Millonario Kuytchi Rum Spirit 16%
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Botucal Ambassador Rum
Botucal Ambassador Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Botucal Mantuano Rum with Backpack
Botucal Mantuano Rum with Backpack
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Rum Nation Demerara Rum Solera No. 14 (B-Goods)
Rum Nation Demerara Rum Solera No. 14 (B-Goods)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Ron Millonario 10 Cincuenta
Ron Millonario 10 Cincuenta
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Dictador Rum 12 Years
Dictador Rum 12 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Botucal - Planas Blanco incl. free Botucal lunch box
Botucal - Planas Blanco incl. free Botucal lunch box
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Santa Teresa 1796 Speyside Cask Rum
Santa Teresa 1796 Speyside Cask Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Santa Teresa 1796 Solera Rum
Santa Teresa 1796 Solera Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Pussers Rum Coronation Reserve - Limited Edition
Pussers Rum Coronation Reserve - Limited Edition
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
El Dorado Rum (B-Goods) 12 Years
El Dorado Rum (B-Goods) 12 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Yaku Wari Cask No.2 Pot Still Rum 7Y-2015/2023
Yaku Wari Cask No.2 Pot Still Rum 7Y-2015/2023
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT

Rum from Africa

The climatic conditions in Africa, as in the Caribbean, are ideal for growing sugar cane. When people talk about African rum, they usually mean rum from the African islands of Mauritius, La Réunion and the Seychelles. South Africa is also known as a sugar cane producer in the craft rum scene and produces the full variety of all types of rum, such as molasses rum, agricole rum, high ester rum and spiced rum. It remains exciting to observe the African continent and its rum production!

Mauritius

Sugar cane is the main crop grown in Mauritius. The French brought it to the island. The step to rum production was therefore not far away. The flightless dodo bird is the symbol of the island and is also depicted on the famous Lazy Dodo rum. Molasses from the island's own sugar cane cultivation and barrels from South Africa make up the rum. Mauritius produces both traditional molasses rum and rum agricole. The flavour profile offers tropical fruits and spices

La Réunion

The sugar factory with the adjoining Savanna distillery is one of the three rum distilleries on the island. The abundance of spices and fruits such as vanilla, ginger, lychee and bananas are a good basis for the typical Rhum Arrangé, a drink made from clear rum and these same fruits and spices. You can, of course, mix your own rum and fruit, or try the Rivière du Mât.

Seychelles

The archipelago in the Indian Ocean offers the best conditions for sugar cane cultivation. The d'Offay brothers, who share a great passion for rum, founded the Takamaka distillery, Trois Frères Distillery - the only rum distillery in the Seychelles - in 2002. Takamaka is the name of the southern part of the island of Mahé off the East African coast.

South Africa

A craft rum scene has been awakening in South Africa since the 2010s. Distiller Robert and Co., for example, produces a rum agricole, Mhoba Rum, from organic sugar cane. In addition to the diverse flavour profiles, rum from the southernmost region of Africa is characterised by its willingness to experiment.

1731 Fine & Rare Mauritius Rum (B-Ware) 7 Years
1731 Fine & Rare Mauritius Rum (B-Ware) 7 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Takamaka St. Andre Zepis Creole Rum
Takamaka St. Andre Zepis Creole Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Penny Blue XO Single Estate Mauritian Rum (B-Ware)
Penny Blue XO Single Estate Mauritian Rum (B-Ware)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Gold of Mauritius Black 48 Edition Rum
Gold of Mauritius Black 48 Edition Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Savanna HERR 57 Rhum - 2022 Limited Edition 2019/2022
Savanna HERR 57 Rhum - 2022 Limited Edition 2019/2022
0,5/ l · incl.  VAT
Gold of Mauritius Dark Rum (B-Ware)
Gold of Mauritius Dark Rum (B-Ware)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Lazy Dodo (B-Goods)
Lazy Dodo (B-Goods)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Takamaka St. Andre Extra Noir Rum
Takamaka St. Andre Extra Noir Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Takamaka St. Andre Grankaz Rum
Takamaka St. Andre Grankaz Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Gold of Mauritius Solera 5 Rum
Gold of Mauritius Solera 5 Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Takamaka St. Andre Extra Noir Rum (B-Goods)
Takamaka St. Andre Extra Noir Rum (B-Goods)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Takamaka St. Andre PTI Lakaz Rum
Takamaka St. Andre PTI Lakaz Rum
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT

As mentioned at the beginning, rum distilleries can be found in many other countries around the world outside the rum nations. It is produced on the Australian continent, in the Philippines, in India at the Amrut distillery, already known from whisky, and in Spain, as well as on the islands of Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands and other countries around the world.

Arehucas Anejo Reserva Rum 18 Years
Arehucas Anejo Reserva Rum 18 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Plantation Rum Isle of Fiji
Plantation Rum Isle of Fiji
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Balcones Texas Rum - Pot Distilled /2022
Balcones Texas Rum - Pot Distilled /2022
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
A.H. Riise 1888 Rum Spirit XO Reserve
A.H. Riise 1888 Rum Spirit XO Reserve
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
El Ron Prohibido Reserva 12 12 Years
El Ron Prohibido Reserva 12 12 Years
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Camikara Pure Cane Juice Rum 12Y-/2022
Camikara Pure Cane Juice Rum 12Y-/2022
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Plantation Black Cask Barbados - Cuba
Plantation Black Cask Barbados - Cuba
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Minoki Mizunara Cask Finished Rum (B-Ware) /2022
Minoki Mizunara Cask Finished Rum (B-Ware) /2022
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Rivière du Mât Millésime Vieux Rhum (B-Ware) 14Y-2006
Rivière du Mât Millésime Vieux Rhum (B-Ware) 14Y-2006
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
Don Papa Baroko rum spirit
Don Papa Baroko rum spirit
0,2/ l · incl.  VAT
J.Bally Pyramide Rhum VO (B-Ware)
J.Bally Pyramide Rhum VO (B-Ware)
0,7/ l · incl.  VAT
The Sentinel Scented Rum with free Cocktail Scent
The Sentinel Scented Rum with free Cocktail Scent
0,5/ l · incl.  VAT
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Sylvia Simm is an experienced employee of Whisky.de. After more than 20 years in online sales and service, she supports the company with her extensive whisky knowledge in marketing. As online editor and content manager, she is responsible for editing and updating the texts on the knowledge pages.

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