1. The Process for Malt Whiskey
After the malt into a coarse substance called . This grist is not as fine as flour and still contains all the elements of the shell.has been converted by enzymes into , it needs to be extracted from the . mills grind down the
The grist is mixed with hot to out the sugar. Three times grist and water are mixed in tuns. Each time the temperature is increased until 95 °C. The last time the extracted sugar is least. And this last water is used for the next batch in the . The resulting sweet water is called and goes on to the . The remaining mash is used as animal feed.
2. The Process for Grain Whiskey
Milling and Mashing
Grain that is not malted still contains starch. For the alcoholic fermentation to work, it needs to be transformed without the help of natural enzymes into sugar. Thus the grain is milled and then pressure cooked. Two things happen together. The starch solutes out of the husks and the long molecules of the starch are cut into shorter sugars. The resulting sugar solution is called wort, the same as with Malt .
The Chemical Process
The wort is cooled down to about 20 °C. Then can be added. The solution is left in for 48-96 hours. In this time the yeast works and produces alcohol from . The yeast cultures also create a lot of and excess heat. If wash backs are placed in a cold environment the fermentation process is slower and the whiskey is said to better. In big CO2 is collected and sold in pressurized steel bottles for industrial purposes.
The Wash Backs Today
Wash backs were used to be made from pine wood, because the containing resin made it highly resistant to bacteria.
Today the wash backs are made most often of stainless steel and are sometimes equipped with cooling systems to precisely control the speed of the fermentation.
During the fermentation you see bubbles of CO2 rising. Watch out if you look into one of these manholes. The alcoholic fumes rising are very sharp. The floors of the Washroom are always made of grids and the rooms are well ventilated to prevent the CO2 from building up and suffocating the workers.